The Chunar fort is situated in the Vindhya Range at
a distance of about 45 odd km from Varanasi. The Chunar fort is located
in the Mirzapur district. According to the Puranas the oldest name of
Chunar was Charanadri as Lord Vishnu had taken his first step in his
Vaman incarnation in the dynasty of Great king Bali. However Chunar came
into prominence after the visit of Babar followed by Shershah Suri,
Humayun, Akbar, Aurangzeb and finally the Britishers.
It is said that Maharaja Vikramaditya, the king of Ujjain established
the fort of Chunar. According to the Alha Khand, King Sahadeo made this
fort as his capital and established the statue of Naina Yogini in a cave
of Vindhya hill. To commemorate his victory on 52 rulers, King Sahadeo
built a stone umbrella inside the fort.
The Chunar fort became important for its association with the Mughal
king, Babar and later Shershah Suri, who got the possession of the fort
by marrying the wife of Taj Khan Sarang-Khani, the Governer of Ibrahim
Lodi. In 1531 AD Humayun made an unsuccessful effort to capture this
fort but later in 1574AD, Akbar the great captured this fort and since
that very time it remained under the Mughals up to 1772AD. In the year
1772AD the East India Company captured the Chunar fort.